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Configurations and Usage of Advanced store's



The S3Store interfaces with S3 object storage via boto3. For this to work properly, you have to set your basic configuration in ~/.aws/config

source_profile = default

Then, you have to set up your credentials in ~/.aws/credentials

aws_access_key_id = YOUR_KEY
aws_secret_access_key = YOUR_SECRET

For more information on the configuration please see the following documentation. Note that while these configurations are in the ~/.aws folder, they are shared by other similar services like the self-hosted minio service.

Basic Usage

MongoDB is not designed to handle large object storage. As such, we created an abstract object that combines the large object storage capabilities of Amazon S3 and the easy, python-friendly query language of MongoDB. These S3Stores all include an index store that only stores specific queryable data and the object key for retrieving the data from an S3 bucket using the key attribute (called 'fs_id' by default).

An entry of in the index may look something like this:

    fs_id : "5fc6b87e99071dfdf04ca871"
    task_id : "mp-12345"
Please note that since we are giving users the ability to reconstruct the index store using the object metadata, the object size in the index is limited by the metadata and not MongoDB. Different S3 services might have different rules, but the limit is typically smaller: 8 KB for aws

The S3Store should be constructed as follows:

from maggma.stores import MongograntStore, S3Store
index = MongograntStore("ro:mongodb03/js_cathodes",
s3store = S3Store(index=index,
        compress= True,
        endpoint_url= "<<S3_URL>>",
        sub_dir= "atomate_aeccar0_fs",

The subdir field creates subdirectories in the bucket to help the user organize their data.


Once you start working with large quantities of data, the speed at which you process this data will often be limited by database I/O. For the most time-consuming upload part of the process, we have implemented thread-level parallelism in the update member function. The update function received an entire chunk of processed data as defined by chunk_size, however since Store.update is typically called in the update_targets part of a builder, where builder execution is not longer multi-threaded. As such, we multithread the execution inside of update using s3_workers threads to perform the database write operation. As a general rule of thumb, if you notice that your update step is taking too long, you should change the s3_worker field which is optimized differently based on server-side resources.